Sunday, January 29, 2012

Spoon Billed Sandpiper, A Critically Endangered Bird on the Earth.



Photo from BBC
The Spoon Billed Sandpiper (Eurynohinchus Pygmeus), is one of the most extraordinary birds on the planet. It is a very small bird in size. But its bill has evolved as a spoon and the spoon-like billed helps it to feed on its preferred, invertebrate food. It is now the rarest shorebird on the Asia-Pacific seaboard and was upgraded to Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red list, by BirdLife International in May 2008.
Photo from Wikipedia
Breeding only in the remote Arctic regions of Chukotka and Koryakia, in north-eastern Russia, it then undertakes an incredible migration south, stopping at coastal wetlands in Japan, China and Korea, to winter mainly in South-east Asia. Now it is said that the total population of the bird is only 350 or less than that. This is a migratory bird in Bangladesh. In winter, it came to the coastal area of Bangladesh and Myanmar. Bangladesh can take actions to save the bird, but the situation is diametrically opposite. Bangladesh Government has announced that they will build up a deep sea-port in an island, locally called Sonadia island, where 10% of the total population of the bird stay in winter. The China Government will invest for the deep sea-port. If Bangladesh, with the help of the Capitalists China, makes the sea-port, the bird must be extinct from the Earth. Can we want this?
Photo from SBS Project
Bangladesh Spoon-billed Sandpiper Conservation Project has been working in Bangladesh in an organized manner since 2009. The goal of the project is to conserve and conduct research on the critically endangered Spoon-Billed Sandpipers wintering along the coast of Bangladesh especially on Sonadia island. The project discovered local hunters have been hunting SBS along with other shorebirds. Since 2011 the project is working with the hunters to provide alternative income generation options and hope is that within 3-4 years the SBS will increase its population and the country will be safe for them.

The extinct Painted Stork of Bangladesh.


In Uppalpadu. AP. Photo from Wikipedia.

The Painted Stork, রাঙা মানিকজোড় বাংলাদেশের বিলুপ্ত পাখি (Mycteria Leucocephala), locally called Ranga Manikjodr, is an extinct species of Bangladesh, now lives in many other countries. But they have left the country long ago. The environment of the country is misfit for birds living. Everyday the population of each species is decreasing. But you can see a bird at Dulahajra Safari Park, Coxbazar, Bangladesh. Once upon a time, people preyed the Storks a lot and take the species as food. Nowadays this occurance happened sometimes. It is very regretful that a bird so nice in color, length and height has lost its habitat from the so-called beautiful country, our golden Bengal 'Sonar Bangla'.

Friday, January 27, 2012

The Vaol-Modhupur Shal forest of Bangladesh is going to extinct.


Occupied forest land, photo: Samakal


The Forests of Vaoal, Modhupur, locally called Vaoal-Modhupur “sal” forest, very near from Dhaka, Bangladesh; are declining for the aggression of Industries & Capitalists. Many industries have been constructed and functioned in the forest. A lot of people are working there and polluting the forests. Already tigers, bears, deer and other animals have been extinct from the forest.
Traditionally “sal” forests used to cover vast areas in the centre and east of Bangladesh. In addtion to the “sal” trees (Shorea robusta) which constitue 70 to 75% of the forest composition, this type of forest includes several valuable tree and herbaceous species like the sungrass. Biological diversity in the “sal” forests is unique. Nevertheless, the Asian Development Bank has actively promoted the destruction of the “sal” forests by considering them of low productivity, thus financing projects for tree monoculture plantations using eucalyptus and rubber among other species. Nowadays the only big patch of “sal” forest standing is that of Modhupur. Most of the forest land has been denuded, degraded, and occupied by forestry companies or displaced people.
Most of the forest is now occupied by the leaders of Awami Leage and BNP, the 2 major devastating political parties of Bangladesh. In the last 2 decades, 2000 acres forest land have been destroyed by the leaders. The forest department of Bangladesh says that 60,000 acres area is “sal” forest land. But now only 6,900 acres area exists as forest land. All the influential powerful leaders destroyed the rest 53,000 acres forest in the last half century. A long report of the daily Samakal in 2 March, 2012 presents the critically endangered position of the forest.
But the policy of Bangladesh government is anti-forest. The local leaders intrude in the forest, grab lands, cut trees and kill animals. A report of a Bengali Daily the Kaler Kanthapresented in 2008 that 93 illegal land holder established industries in the forest. A lot of illegal saw-mills are functioning in the forest and cutting trees. Roads and highways are also a tremendous threat to the forest and its wild species. To save the Vaoal-Modhupur “sal” forest, it is necessary to take actions against the intruder and destroyer of the forest.

War against Biodiversity in Bangladesh.



The extinct Greater Adjutant of Bangladesh.
12,000 species exists in Bangladesh and many of them are now on the way of extinction. About 200 species of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles had been extinct in the last 100 years. The actions taken by the govt. of Bangladesh make faster of their extinction. 10 illegal zoos of the country are killing species for their inexperience and lack of knowledge on wild animals. A famous daily, The Prothom-Alo reported in 27th January 2012, that the illegal collections, sells, marketing, smuggling and killing of species throughout the country are going tremendously. Moreover, the leaders of the present government are violating the laws and they established illegal zoos where critically endangered species are in threat, the report says.

killing of migratory birds. Photo by Shamakal
Killing of migratory birds is a common scenario in Bangladesh. Thousands of migratory birds visit the country and the people kill them for food or other purposes. But the administration doesn't take any action against the killers. Among 750 species of birds of the country, minimum 50 species extincted from the country and 400 species are in critically endangered position. In a report of another daily The Shamakal published that the local people of a district Vola are killing Migratory birds horribly.

Thursday, January 26, 2012

Movements become the main policy of the left parties of the Indian subcontinent.



 Oil-gas movement in Bangladesh.



The left politicians of the Indian sub-continent have been playing movement-movement game for a long time. From the very beginning of left politics in the subcontinent in 1921, the Communist Party of India tried to make a lot of movements, processions and protestations. In many movements, they had achieved a lot of success. But all their movements finally became futile when Indian National Congress and Muslim League, the two major reactionary political parties, take power in India and Pakistan. In the last 60 years, hundreds of left parties in the sub-continent take part in a lot of movements, protestations, processions, rebellions, reformations; but they failed to create revolutions or to take the power of the states.
The motto of the left politicians was not to achieve the power. Their motto was to create people’s awareness on their rights, awareness on socialism or communism, the necessity of independence, the necessity of movements etc. But actually the left politicians failed to establish their aims, aspirations, directions, purposes, destinations. Sometimes, they didn’t know what are their responsibilities and duties among the people. Now-a-days their only duty is to make processions on a lot of contemporary problematic issues. In the last 30 years, the left leaders of Bangladesh have tried to make movements; and India or Pakistan’s scenario was not different from that.
The duty of a socialist or communist or leftist party is to revolt against Capitalism and create a socialist state. Their duty is to create a program on the basis of Marxism, Leninism, Maoism or on the basis of Communist Manifesto. But all the left-wing parties of the Indian subcontinent failed to present a Manifesto that would-be the solution of the problems of the state. Indian and Bangladeshi left parties have no point-based programs on capturing power. The socialist or communist parties of Bangladesh don't take any steps or programs to take the state power except two or three parties like Naxalites who tries a lot but failed. India also is facing the same problem, no new tactics. The dogmatism, old writings & old comrades become the gods of the left parties. The old backdated thoughtless comrades are the flag-holder of the left parties. They are always uttering the same old dialogues and forgotten to create new movements. The party office is their business office. They earn their livelihood from the party and the property of the party. The leaders lost their aspirations for Revolution.

Read More:

3. Freedom, a forgotten word, that has to cross a long way.

4. Democracy in Bangladesh.

5. New Ethics of our time.

6. On the Question of Freedom of Thought.

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